Hey readers, or should I call you aspirants! Well, hello. Today we’re gonna discuss in brief about UPSC frequently asked questions 2021, which are indeed of great importance to all the aspirants who’re preparing hard to clear UPSC, perhaps the most difficult examination, and requires insane hard work and dedication, and maybe a bit of luck too! Aspirants have to wander through hundreds of books like Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant or Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh and the list continues… Well, after doing this much hard work, there are some questions that aspirants come across, which are indeed confusing and even create tension if not answered properly, like is it necessary to speak in English during the interview or what are the jobs under UPSC or how many attempts a general category aspirant can make to clear UPSC? Well, these questions must be ANSWERED!
So, here’s a list of UPSC frequently asked questions along with their answers.
1) How many students cleared UPSC mains 2019?
For the 2019 UPSC exam, nearly 8 lakh aspirants applied, out of which 11845 students qualified for the UPSC mains examination 2019. Out of those 11845 aspirants, 2034 appeared for the interview. And the number of aspirants who were successful in clearing the exam as well as the interview was 829, who got selected for their respective posts according to their rank.
2) What are the jobs under UPSC?
ALL INDIA SERVICES
- INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES (IAS)
- INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (IPS)
- INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE (IFS)
GROUP ‘A’ CIVIL SERVICES
- INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE (IFS)
- INDIAN CORPORATE LAW SERVICE (ICLS)
- INDIAN DEFENCE ACCOUNTS SERVICE (IDAS)
- INDIAN CIVIL ACCOUNTS SERVICE (ICAS)
- INDIAN AUDIT AND ACCOUNTS SERVICES (IAAS)
- INDIAN COMMUNICATION FINANCE SERVICES (ICFS)
- INDIAN POSTAL SERVICES (IPoS)
- INDIAN INFORMATION SERVICE (IIS)
- INDIAN DEFENCE ESTATES SERVICES (IDES)
- INDIAN ORDINANCE FACTORIES SERVICE (IOFS)
- INDIAN RAILWAY TRAFFIC SERVICE (IRTS)
- INDIAN TRADE SERVICE (ITS)
- INDIAN REVENUE SERVICE (IRS)
- RAILWAY PROTECTION FORCE (RPF)
- INDIAN RAILWAY PERSONNEL SERVICE (IRPS)
- INDIAN RAILWAY ACCOUNTS SERVICE (IRAS)
GROUP ‘B’ CIVIL SERVICES
- ARMED FORCES HEADQUATERS CIVIL SERVICE
- DANICS (DELHI, ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS CIVIL SERVICES)
- DANIPS (DELHI, ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS, LAKSHADWEEP, DAMAN AND DIU, AND DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI POLICE SERVICE)
- PONDICHERRY CIVIL SERVICE
- PONDICHERRY POLICE SERVICE
3) What is UPSC CMS?
CMS stands for Combined Medical Services. UPSC CMS means is an examination for recruitment of Medical Officers through the Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS). The aspirants who are selected are appointed as Medical Officers for various governmental organizations such as Indian Railways, Indian Ordnance Factories, Central Health Services, New Delhi Municipal Council, etc.
4) Who conduct UPSC exams?
The Civil Services Examination (CSE), or popularly known as the UPSC examination is conducted by the Central Recruiting Agency, Union Public Service Commission.
5) How many attempts for UPSC for the general category aspirant?
The number of attempts a general category aspirant can make in order to clear UPSC is 6, till the age of 32. And for the aspirants of the OBC category, the maximum number of attempts they can make to clear UPSC is 9, till the age of 35. And there’s no limit in the number of attempts for SC/ST aspirants, but the age limit is 37 years.
6) Is UPSC very tough?
Well, I don’t think you’d be glad to hear that, but UPSC is indeed a very tough examination. UPSC is also considered the toughest examination in India.
Well, let’s talk about it statistically!
Approximately, 10 lakh aspirants apply for the Civil Service Examinations. And the number of vacancies is nearly 1000, it was 927 in 2019, quite less. And the number of vacancies for IAS was 180 in 2019. Unfortunately, out of those 180 vacancies, 108 is reserved. So, for a general category aspirant, there are only 72 slots for IAS.
But do these 10 lakh aspirants actually appear for the examination?
Well, NOT AT ALL! Out of these 10 lakh aspirants, around 5 lakh aspirants actually appear for the exam, the rest of them usually drop their aspiration due to certain reasons. So, here’s some relief for you, 50% of your competition is reduced even before the initial examination. Well, out of these 5 lakh aspirants, every single one is not as determined and hard-working as you are! So, my friend, you’re all set and determined to clear this one. I BELIEVE YOU!
7) Who is the new chairman of UPSC?
The chairman of UPSC is Pradeep Kumar Joshi. Pradeep Kumar Joshi was the chairman of the Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission (CGPSC) and Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission (MPPSC). He was the Director of National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA). Pradeep Kumar Joshi initiated his career in Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) as a member in May 2015. And his tenure will last till 4th April 2022.
8) What is eligibility criteria for UPSC?
The aspirant must be a citizen of India for IAS and IPS
For all other services, the aspirant must be-
- Citizen of India
- Subject of Bhutan
- Subject of Nepal
- Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, in order to settle in India
- Person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, East Africa, East African countries of Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Malawi, and Vietnam, settling in India permanently.
- The aspirant must hold a degree (postgraduate or undergraduate) from a university that is recognized by the Government.
- Degree from a foreign university which is recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.
- Degree from an open university.
- Any qualification which is recognized by the government.
- Degree received through distance or correspondence education.
- Aspirants who have passed the final exam of MBBS but haven’t completed the internship yet.
- Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICSI, ICWAI, or ICAI.
We’ve already discussed the age criteria and the maximum number of attempts a candidate can give.
9) When is next UPSC exam?
The notification about the next UPSC exam will be issued by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on 10th February 2021. The last date for applying for the UPSC exam would be 3rd March 2021. As per the norms, the admit card for the examination would be released 3 weeks before the exam.
- IAS prelims will be conducted on 27th June 2021
- The IAS prelims results are expected to release on the last week of July 2021
- The mains exams will be conducted on 17th September 2021
- The mains results would be released on either December 2021 or January 2022 (uncertain)
- The interviews are expected to be held in March 2022
10) Is it necessary to speak in English in UPSC interview?
No, it’s not necessary to speak in English in UPSC interview. Even if the aspirant gives the examination in English. The aspirants can give the interview either in English, Hindi, or the language they opted for the written exam.
11) Is Laxmikant enough for polity UPSC?
Indian Polity by M Laxmikant. Well, the name is enough! Indian Polity is a very important subject for UPSC and the book Indian Polity by M Laxmikant is very important if you want to cover the topic of polity and is even considered the bible for UPSC. It’s a ‘MUST’ for UPSC aspirants, as it’s very important for prelims and mains and even helps in the interview. But, no single book can suffice for UPSC exams. So, for clearing UPSC and covering the polity, don’t just stick with Indian Polity, wander through some other good polity books like Our Constitution by Subhash C. Kashyap, Introduction to the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu, etc.
Buy these books at the best prices:
Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant
Our Constitution by Subhash C. Kashyap
Introduction to the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu
12) Which edition of Laxmikant is best for UPSC?
Well, according to me, every edition of M Laxmikant is very good and probably best for the polity. But it would be better for the aspirant to choose the latest edition of it. Currently, the best one is the 6th edition of Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant.
13) How to start UPSC preparation for beginners without coaching?
- Start with NCERT! Read the NCERT’S, mainly from class 6th to 10th NCERT textbooks. Give special attention to Social Studies books, mainly class 11-12 Political Sciences and History, it’ll surely help you out.
- UNDERSTAND THE SYLLABUS PROPERLY.
- Read newspapers daily. Mainly the economic and editorial section, and don’t forget to make notes!
- Go through the previous year question papers.
- Keep yourself updated! Read the current affairs and try making your own opinion about the issues.
- There are various Youtube channels that provide great guidance and are very good for understanding current affairs and subjects of importance like economics and political science, like StudyIq, Drishti IAS, etc.
- You could also start with some basic books like Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant for understanding polity and Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh for understanding the basics of Indian economy.
Buy Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh at best prices-
14) What is inclusive growth (UPSC)
Basically, inclusive growth refers to economic growth that helps in increasing employment and reduction of poverty and unemployment.
Inclusive growth enhances equality of opportunity and making people more skillful by providing better education facilities and skill development. It’s also a type of development that is sustainable and environmentally friendly.
15) What is paper (a) in UPSC prelims?
Paper A in UPSC prelims is an exam of Indian Language (Languages included in Eight Schedule of the Constitution of India). The candidate can select any one of these languages. However, this exam is not compulsory for aspirants coming from the states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram, and Nagaland.
16) What is the best optional subject for UPSC mains?
The top optional subject for UPSC is Geography, as approximately 2669 candidates appeared for Geography optional and the success rate was 5.5% in UPSC CSE 2017
1074 candidates appeared for History optional in UPSC CSE 2017 and the success rate was the same 5.5%.
Law had the highest success rate in UPSC CSE 2017, with a success rate of 14.1%, the total number of candidates who appeared for the exam was 304.
Other optional like Political Science and International relations had a success rate of 9.4%
Mathematics had a success rate of 5.9%.
17) What is the difference between UPSC prelims and IAS mains?
Prelims are the first stage examination of UPSC CSE.
- The preliminary examination is an objective type examination and the answers are marked in an OMR sheet.
- Candidates who pass in Preliminary examination qualify for the UPSC mains
- Prelims consist of two General Studies (GS) papers, GS 1 and GS2.
- Maximum marks- 200. Passing- 33%
Mains is the second stage examination of UPSC CSE.
- It isn’t an objective type paper-like prelims, mains follows a descriptive pattern, and the answers are to be handwritten by the candidates.
- In order to appear for mains, candidates have to pass UPSC Preliminary Examination.
- UPSC CSE mains consists of 9 papers, out of which, 7 are actually calculated for merit, the candidates have to just get passing marks in the rest 2.
- Candidates can choose 1 optional subject from 48 optional subjects, candidates have to qualify for 2 optional subject papers of the chosen subject.
- Total marks for papers 1 to 7 is 250 (each)
- Total marks for Indian language and English paper- 300 (each)
18) What to study for Geography (UPSC)?
Geography is a major subject in UPSC and is better studied properly, just like other major subjects like Political science and Economics.
- First of all, understand the portion of Geography in the syllabus of UPSC CSE.
- Then, as said earlier, start with the NCERTs, this will provide a basic conceptual understanding of the topics.
- After doing the NCERTs, go for higher-level books like Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong, Geography of India by Majid Hussain, World Geography by Majid Hussain, and Physical.
- Give special emphasis to topics that are parallel to economics, history, science, and other major subjects. For example, topics related to Indian Agriculture, Indian Industries, etc.
- Don’t forget about the geography current affairs! Read the topics related to geography in newspapers and make your opinions about the matter, from what you’ve studied about geography in textbooks.
Buy the top Geography books at the best prices
Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong
Geography of India by Majid Hussain
World Geography by Majid Hussain
19) When IES exam is conducted by the UPSC?
IES exams refer to Indian Engineering Services exams. These exams appoint engineers for working under the government of India. The candidates are appointed by the government for the purpose of administering Indian Railways, Telecommunications, Defence service engineering, Central Water engineering, etc.
- Prelims for IES 2021 would be conducted on 18th July 2021
- Prelims results will be declared in September 2021
- Mains exams are to be conducted on October 10, 2021
- Results of mains exams will be declared in November 2021
- Interviews would be conducted in December 2021
- Final results would be declared in January 2022
Note: Online applications would start from 7th April 2021. The last date to apply online- 27th April 2021.
20) Where to check UPSC result?
- Go to the official website of Union Public Service Commission- upsc.gov.in
- Click on the UPSC Prelims Results 2021 link, present at the home page
- One more link titling, “Result: Civil Services(Preliminary) Exam 2021” will appear, click on it.
- Check the results!!!
- I hope you’re selected!
21) Which is the best stream for UPSC?
Well, that’s a quite complex question.
It is often said that the stream doesn’t matter in UPSC CSE, it’s the aspirant’s commitment and hard work that does the job. But, can selecting the right stream make things easier for you? Surely it can, and it’s no doubt that selecting Humanities can give you the advantage that you want.
Humanities would surely be advantageous to you because its major subjects like Political Science, Economics, History, Geography, and Psychology have the maximum weightage in UPSC CSE syllabus and Preliminary and Mains exams.
Also, the majority of the optional subjects of UPSC follows the subjects of humanities.
But, selecting humanities as a stream takes a bit of courage when you’re guardians are quite orthodox about the streams, doesn’t it?
22) Which newspaper is best for UPSC (Hindi)
Here’s the list of best Hindi newspapers for UPSC:
- Dainik Tribune
- Dainik Jagran
- Hindi version of Business Standard
- Hindi version of BBC
23) When UPSC started in India?
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a central recruiting agency in India that conducts civil services examinations and appoints the candidates for the respective services.
The Royal Commission, set up by the British Government under the leadership of Lord Lee of Fareham in 1923, submitted its report in 1924, which recommended the formation of the Public Service Commission. The report also emphasized that 40% of the recruits would be British, 40% Indians who would be directly recruited, and the rest 20% would be Indians promoted from the Provincial Services.
Hence, the first Public Service Commission was formed on 1st October 1926. And Sir Ross Baker was appointed as the chairman of the first Public Service Commission.
24) Who appoints members of UPSC?
The members of the Union Public Service Commission are appointed by the President of India. The Union Public Service Commission consists of 9-11 members, including the chairman of the commission. The tenure of each member, including the chairman, is 6 years, or until the age of 65, whichever occurs earlier.
25) Does the syllabus of UPSC change every year?
No, UPSC does not change the syllabus every year, and if it does, the UPSC notifies the aspirants about the change before the exams.
Still, wandering through multiple books? Here are some best UPSC CSE combos, at great prices!
All NCERT History books from class 6-12.
Indian Polity by M Laxmikant + History of Modern India by Bipin Chandra
Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh+ Environment by Shankar IAS Academy
Indian Polity by M Laxmikant+ Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
UPSC Combo objective books- History+Polity+Geography+General Science
The study material for UPSC prelims general studies (set of 9 books) 7th Edition
Check out our articles about UPSC polity-